With the UK taking the initiatives to transform from a fossil-fuel dependent economy to a green and sustainable energy economy, mining contractors are turning to other methods of extracting fuel reserves. One such method is fracking.
The UK has vast deposits of shale gas under rock formations, and mining contractors are using fracking to extract this gas. The process involves drilling into the earth, and then using a high-pressure water and chemical mixture to release the gas inside the rock formations. Fracking has been a controversial topic in the UK.
New research conducted by Plymouth University and Ryerson University has found that the more people become knowledgeable about fracking, the more worried they become about this method of gas extraction.
Researchers have also found that people who are politically conservative are more likely to support fracking, as they believe it has few health risks and provides economic benefits. People who are politically liberal are quite worried about the health risks posed by fracking and are less likely to believe it provides economic benefits. In fact, politically liberal individuals are more interested in developing and investing in renewable and sustainable energy sources.
Plymouth University’s Professor Yaniv Hanoch said that although hydraulic fracking is a controversial subject around the world, researchers and politicians do not know what laypeople feel about this gas extraction method. He added that countries such as Germany had banned fracking as it posed health and environmental risks. On the other hand, the UK Government had approved fracking because of the economic benefits it would reap for oil, gas and mining contractors who are adversely affected by the plunging commodity market.
The study has found that knowledge about fracking and political ideology have a role to play in people’s attitudes towards energy sources.